Want climate news in your inbox? Sign up here for Climate Fwd:, our email newsletter.
WASHINGTON — President Trump on Monday announced he would nominate David Bernhardt, a former oil lobbyist and current deputy chief of the Interior Department, to succeed Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke, who resigned amid allegations of ethical missteps.
In a message on Twitter, Mr. Trump wrote, “David has done a fantastic job from the day he arrived, and we look forward to having his nomination officially confirmed!”
While Mr. Zinke had been the public face of some of the largest rollbacks of public-land protections in the nation’s history, Mr. Bernhardt was the one quietly pulling the levers to carry them out, opening millions of acres of land and water to oil, gas and coal companies. He is described by allies and opponents alike as having played a crucial role in advancing what Mr. Trump has described as an “energy dominance” agenda for the country.
“Bernhardt has really been running the show, directing the policy shop in a very strong way,” said Mark Squillace, an expert on environmental law at the University of Colorado Law School.
Echoing a frequent critique of Mr. Bernhardt, Mr. Squillace emphasized that the former energy lobbyist and lawyer, if confirmed by the Senate, would have broad authority to shape rules that affect his former clients. “That’s my concern with Bernhardt, his ties to industry,” Mr. Squillace said.
Republicans and the oil industry cheered the appointment. “It’s a brilliant move,” said Representative Rob Bishop of Utah, the ranking Republican on the House Natural Resources Committee, whom Mr. Trump had also considered for the job. “No one is more experienced, and I look forward to working with him.”
Barry Russell, chief executive of the Independent Petroleum Association of America, a former client of Mr. Bernhardt’s, said in a statement, “Mr. Bernhardt knows the department well, and understands the integral role that the Department of the Interior plays in oil and natural gas development, both onshore and offshore.” He added, “We look forward to working with the Department on new ways to continue growing our economy, while improving the environment and enhancing life for all Americans.”
Mr. Trump has pushed the Interior Department to reduce regulations on the oil industry and open new lands and waters to drilling. After Mr. Trump ordered Mr. Zinke to open almost the entire United States coastline to offshore drilling, Mr. Bernhardt did the heavy lifting of developing the plan, which Mr. Zinke called “a new path for energy dominance in America.”
And when the president told the department to weaken safety regulations on offshore drilling equipment, the agency’s proposal said its plan “would fortify the administration’s objective of facilitating energy dominance” by encouraging domestic oil and gas production.
As Mr. Bernhardt prepares to take the helm, he is well aware that he will face accusations of conflicts of interest. The issue came up repeatedly in his 2017 Senate confirmation hearing for the deputy job.
He told senators that he would assiduously avoid potential conflicts of interest. “If I get a whiff of something coming my way that involves a client or a former client for my firm, I’m going to make that item run straight to the ethics office,” he said. “And when it gets there, they’ll make whatever decision they’re going to make. And that will be it for me.”
Mr. Bernhardt was narrowly confirmed to his current post by a vote of 53 to 43, with most Democrats voting against him, and on Monday Democrats in Congress vowed to aggressively scrutinize his actions. Representative Raúl M. Grijalva, the Arizona Democrat who chairs the House Natural Resources Committee, said, “The president putting him in charge of regulating his former clients is a perfect example of everything wrong with this administration.”
If enough Democrats opposed Mr. Bernhardt’s nomination, they could block a procedural motion requiring 60 votes to bring his confirmation to the Senate floor.
Mr. Bernhardt, who was also a top interior official in the George W. Bush administration, went on to work for some of the country’s largest oil and gas companies. As a partner in the law firm Brownstein Hyatt Farber Schreck, he lobbied for the oil companies Cobalt International Energy and Samson Resources. His legal clients have included the Independent Petroleum Association of America and Halliburton Energy Services, the oil- and gas-extraction firm once led by former Vice President Dick Cheney.
In August 2017, Mr. Bernhardt signed an ethics letter saying he would recuse himself from policy decisions that might stand to benefit former clients specifically.
If confirmed, Mr. Bernhardt will lead a sprawling department that oversees the nation’s nearly 500 million acres of public land, including vast national monuments and protected wilderness areas. Already, in little more than a year as the department’s deputy, he has overseen numerous polices aimed at opening public lands and waters to mining, drilling, farming and other development.
Environmentalists see him as a threat. “David Bernhardt is the most dangerous man in America for endangered species and public lands,” said Noah Greenwald, the endangered species director at the Center for Biological Diversity, an advocacy group, adding that he “has been dismantling basic protections for lands that belong to all of us and the vulnerable species, like the sage grouse, that depend on them.”
This year, Mr. Bernhardt oversaw the revision of a program to protect tens of millions of acres of habitat of the imperiled sage grouse, a puffy-chested, chickenlike bird that roams over 10 oil-rich Western states. His proposal to change that plan, made public in December, would strip protections from about nine million acres of the sage grouse habitat, a move that would open more land to oil and gas drilling than any other single policy action by the Trump administration.
Mr. Bernhardt has also helped shepherd policies such as loosening the standards of the Endangered Species Act, speeding the path to opening the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to new oil and gas drilling, and reducing the boundaries of national monuments to open the land to mining and drilling.
Ethics inquiries into Mr. Zinke’s activities contributed to his departure in early January. He had become the subject of several federal investigations, one of which his department’s top watchdog has referred to the Justice Department, a potential step toward a criminal investigation.
The inquiries include an examination of a real estate deal involving Mr. Zinke’s family and a development group backed by David J. Lesar, the chairman of Halliburton. Mr. Zinke stood to benefit from the deal, while Mr. Lesar’s oil services company stood to benefit from Mr. Zinke’s decisions on fossil fuel production.
As public criticism of Mr. Zinke increased this fall with the news of the Halliburton deal and the Justice Department investigation, John F. Kelly, Mr. Trump’s chief of staff, sent Mr. Zinke a message: He should leave by year’s end or risk being fired in a potentially humiliating way, two people familiar with the discussion said.
In a statement posted on Twitter shortly after his resignation was announced, Mr. Zinke wrote: “After 30 years of public service, I cannot justify spending thousands of dollars defending myself and my family against false allegations. It is better for the President and Interior to focus on accomplishments rather than fictitious allegations.”
Among the first major decisions awaiting Mr. Bernhardt will be how to handle the administration’s plan to open the nation’s coastlines to offshore drilling — one of the issues for which Mr. Zinke is under investigation. After the Trump administration in early 2018 announced it would allow new offshore oil and gas drilling in nearly all United States coastal waters, Mr. Zinke made a surprise announcement a few days later on Twitter that he would exempt Florida from that plan.
The statement, which was accompanied by a photograph of Mr. Zinke and Rick Scott, the former Florida governor who was then running for a Senate seat, was seen as politically motivated. A federal investigation is continuing into whether it violated the Hatch Act, which prohibits federal employees from using their offices to influence elections.
Governors of other coastal states have said that they, too, would like to be exempt from the drilling, and that if the plan to exempt Florida but not other states goes forward, they will sue the department.
Mr. Bernhardt will now decide whether to enact Mr. Zinke’s pledge to Mr. Scott, who went on to win his Senate campaign.
Mr. Bernhardt’s allies say that despite his former ties to industries he now regulates, he is a scrupulously careful lawyer who will follow the letter of the law in avoiding conflicts of interest. They also contend that Mr. Bernhardt’s experience in the Bush administration and the oil industry will help him run the agency with a professionalism that sometimes appears to be lacking in other corners of the Trump administration, where some agency heads have had little experience in the fields of policy that they govern.
“Interior is one of these agencies that has an extremely broad and deep mandate,” said James L. Connaughton, a top environmental adviser to Mr. Bush who worked closely with Mr. Bernhardt. “Dave Bernhardt is among the very small group of individuals in the country that would come to the job with the experience to manage its very challenging agenda.”
Regarding concerns about Mr. Bernhardt’s possible conflicts of interest, Mr. Connaughton said, “A seasoned government professional like Dave knows how to take off his industry hat and put on his government hat.”
For more news on climate and the environment, follow @NYTClimate on Twitter.B:
今期高清跑狗玄机图论坛跑狗图【就】【在】【局】【面】【略】【显】【僵】【化】【时】，【王】【将】【军】【等】【一】【众】【将】【领】【派】【来】【报】【喜】【的】【那】【士】【兵】【这】【才】【缓】【缓】【而】【至】，【在】【朝】【政】【大】【殿】【外】【报】【喜】【求】【见】。 【嘉】【和】【帝】【也】【没】【耽】【搁】。 【赶】【紧】【让】【他】【进】【来】【回】【禀】。 【半】【分】【钟】【后】，【那】【士】【兵】【便】【踏】【入】【了】【朝】【政】【大】【殿】，【先】【是】【想】【习】【惯】【性】【的】【半】【跪】【正】【前】【方】，【然】【后】【就】【听】【到】【了】【一】【声】【急】【促】【询】【问】。 “【城】【墙】【外】【到】【底】【是】【什】【么】【情】【况】？【那】【些】【西】【夷】【军】【现】【在】【又】【如】【何】？【是】【退】
【从】【认】【识】【逸】【尘】【开】【始】，【大】【鹏】【就】【一】【直】【叫】【嚣】【着】，【要】【把】【禽】【族】【族】【长】【之】【位】【弄】【到】【手】，【享】【受】【一】【下】【上】【位】【者】【的】【威】【风】。 【可】【到】【了】【禽】【族】【领】【地】【之】【后】，【大】【鹏】【的】【这】【种】【念】【头】【很】【快】【就】【打】【消】【了】。 【不】【仅】【是】【自】【己】【没】【有】【足】【够】【的】【拥】【趸】，【而】【是】【觉】【得】【禽】【族】【族】【长】【之】【位】，【对】【自】【己】【不】【再】【有】【吸】【引】【力】，【甚】【至】【从】【心】【里】【逐】【渐】【排】【斥】【起】【来】。 【看】【了】【几】【次】【鹈】【鹕】【和】【火】【烈】【鸟】【的】【冲】【突】，【大】【鹏】【就】【深】【感】【厌】【烦】
【侍】【卫】【一】【听】【白】【汐】【初】【的】【话】，【自】【然】【心】【里】【也】【是】【有】【了】【些】【许】【想】【法】…… 【听】【闻】【当】【年】【皇】【上】【还】【是】【尧】【襄】【王】【世】【子】【时】，【便】【八】【抬】【大】【轿】【娶】【了】【定】【国】【大】【将】【军】【之】【女】【白】【汐】【初】，【也】【就】【是】【初】【皇】【后】。 【婚】【后】【二】【人】【十】【分】【恩】【爱】，【游】【山】【玩】【水】，【吟】【诗】【作】【对】，【简】【直】【就】【是】【活】【生】【生】【的】【一】【对】【神】【仙】【眷】【侣】。 【虽】【说】【如】【今】【初】【皇】【后】【已】【经】【逝】【去】，【可】【皇】【上】【定】【然】【对】【她】【是】【念】【念】【不】【忘】，【现】【在】【又】【对】【这】【位】【南】【蛊】
0278 【毒】【液】 ‘【不】【准】【杀】【人】。’ 【黛】【丝】【想】【起】【尉】【池】【晓】【的】【交】【代】，【没】【有】【让】【玉】【玲】【珑】【下】【杀】【手】。 【黛】【丝】【站】【起】【来】，【有】【些】【虚】【弱】，【经】【脉】【里】【的】【灵】【气】【消】【耗】【一】【空】，【没】【有】【丹】【田】【的】【及】【时】【补】【充】，【感】【觉】【有】【些】【不】【着】【力】。 “【今】【天】【先】【到】【这】【里】。”【黛】【丝】【跟】【主】【持】【人】【说】。 “【他】……”【主】【持】【人】【看】【着】【冰】【冻】【的】【谢】【米】【拉】，【有】【些】【不】【知】【所】【措】，【他】【现】【在】【不】【知】【道】【情】【况】。 今期高清跑狗玄机图论坛跑狗图【狄】【清】【忽】【然】【手】【按】【额】【头】，【掩】【面】【大】【笑】。 “【有】【趣】……【实】【在】【有】【趣】……【看】【样】【子】【你】【以】【为】【自】【己】【有】【本】【事】【胜】【过】【我】……” 【他】【笑】【得】【那】【般】【大】【声】，【那】【般】【猖】【狂】，【慕】【长】【欢】【却】【只】【是】【淡】【然】【地】【瞧】【着】【他】。 【狄】【清】【大】【笑】【着】【道】：“【抱】【歉】……【让】【你】【产】【生】【这】【种】【错】【觉】，【是】【我】【的】【失】【误】……【今】【天】，【恐】【怕】【你】【只】【能】【死】【了】！” 【他】【面】【色】【忽】【然】【一】【变】，【一】【只】【脚】【猛】【然】【向】【下】【方】【踏】【去】！
726 【拍】【摄】【并】【没】【有】【花】【费】【太】【多】【时】【间】，【拥】【有】【镜】【头】【感】【就】【是】【可】【以】【为】【所】【欲】【为】，【哪】【怕】【是】【随】【意】【的】【一】【种】【状】【态】，【都】【是】【最】【美】【的】***s，【让】【人】【羡】【慕】【不】【来】。 “【萧】【潇】，【我】【一】【直】【觉】【得】【我】【们】【之】【间】【能】【够】【做】【的】【事】【情】【比】【想】【象】【的】【要】【更】【加】【容】【易】，【认】【真】【说】【起】【来】，【今】【天】【认】【证】【了】【我】【的】【说】【法】，【我】【们】【合】【作】【的】【确】【很】【强】。”【梁】【冰】【在】【拍】【摄】【结】【束】【后】，【对】【萧】【潇】【说】【道】，【对】【于】【萧】【潇】【今】【天】
“【那】【是】【你】【的】【事】。”【陈】【冰】【颜】【摘】【掉】【耳】【机】，【想】【想】【还】【是】【不】【解】【气】，【又】【把】【手】【机】【靠】【嘴】【边】，“【路】【招】【风】，【老】【娘】【要】【和】【你】【一】【拍】【两】【散】。【你】【个】【墙】【头】【草】！” 【喊】【完】【果】【然】【舒】【服】【了】。 【正】【要】【发】【动】【车】【子】，【恍】【然】【发】【觉】【车】【窗】【上】【还】【有】【一】【个】【影】【子】。 “【默】【默】……”【陈】【冰】【颜】【比】【任】【何】【时】【候】【都】【想】【扇】【自】【己】【的】【嘴】【巴】，【还】【为】【天】【生】【的】【敞】【亮】【的】【嗓】【子】【而】【感】【到】【愧】【疚】【不】【已】。 “【颜】【颜】，【你】
【虽】【然】【清】【楚】【是】【梦】【境】，【我】【却】【只】【想】【沉】【溺】【其】【中】，【不】【要】【醒】【来】。 【刚】【刚】【有】【所】【好】【转】【的】【身】【体】【终】**【次】【病】【倒】【了】，***【的】【封】【后】【仪】【式】【也】【不】【得】【不】【一】【拖】【再】【拖】。 【我】【终】【日】【活】【在】【浑】【浑】【噩】【噩】【之】【中】，【甚】【至】【忘】【记】【了】【自】【己】【当】【初】【苦】【苦】【哀】【求】【奈】【落】【让】【我】【留】【下】【的】【初】【衷】，【到】【底】【是】【什】【么】。 【病】【魔】【附】【体】【的】【我】【蜷】【缩】【在】【病】【榻】【之】【上】，【等】【待】【着】【奇】【迹】【的】【发】【生】，【等】【待】【着】【好】【消】【息】【的】【到】【来】。